ABUDARHAM


ABUDARHAM
ABUDARHAM (Heb. אבודרהם; also Abudarhan, Abudarhen, Abudaram, Abudaran; Ar. "father of coins" meaning "the rich man"), Spanish family. DAVID BEN SOLOMON ABUDARHAM constructed in the 13th century the synagogue of Almaliquin in Toledo, apparently identical with the Abudarham synagogue destroyed in the riots of 1391. He was probably the grandfather of the liturgical scholar david b. joseph abudarham . Another DAVID ABUDARHAM in the same period was a tax farmer in Toledo: when tax assessment was assigned to the Jewish communities of Castile in 1290, it was decided that in case of dispute David was to render final decision. After the expulsion from Spain in 1492 the family was scattered throughout Italy and North Africa. moses and ISAAC ABUDARHAM gave hospitality to david reuveni in Rome in 1524. JUDAH ABUDARHAM, a fugitive from the Inquisition, became purveyor to the Portuguese in Agadir. After 1541 the family settled in Tetuan where it long provided the community with spiritual and political leaders. Another JUDAH ABUDARHAM was among the founders of the Gibraltar community; one of the Gibraltar synagogues, founded in 1820, still bears the family name. A third JUDAH ABUDARHAM represented France in Tetuan for 30 years. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Baer, Spain, 1 (1961), 214; Baer, Urkunden, index; Roth, in: JQR, 39 (1948/49), 132; Steinschneider, ibid., 10 (1897/98), 130; Kaufmann, in: REJ, 38 (1899), 254; I.Benwalid, Va-Yomer Yiẓḥak   (1855), 182a–187a; J.M. Toledano, Ner ha-Ma'arav (1911), 158, 192, 200; Miège, Maroc, 2 (1961), 107, 174, 547; Millás Vallicrosa, in: A. González Palencia, Los mozárabes de Toledo en los siglos XII y XIII, 3 (1928), 563–95. (Zvi Avneri and David Corcos)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ABUDARHAM, DAVID BEN JOSEPH — (14th century), liturgical commentator in Spain, author of Sefer Abudarham, written in 1340 in Seville. Abudarham came from a distinguished family, and apparently an earlier namesake was a communal leader in Toledo. Abudarham was moved to write… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abudarham, David ben Joseph — (fl. 14th cent)    Spanish talmudist. His commentary on synagogue liturgy, The Book of Abudarham is based on numerous rabbinic sources …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • David Abudarham — David (ben Joseph) Abudarham (Hebräisch: דוד (בר יוסף) אַ‏בּ‏וּ‏דִרְהַ‏ם) war ein um 1350 in Sevilla lebender und wirkender jüdischer Gelehrter, bekannt geworden vor allem durch sein Buch Abudarham, Erläuterungen zur jüdischen Liturgie. Er war… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sephardic Judaism — is the practice of Judaism as observed by the Sephardi and Mizrahi Jews, so far as it is peculiar to themselves and not shared with other Jewish groups such as the Ashkenazim. Sephardic Judaism does not constitute a separate denomination within… …   Wikipedia

  • David Abudraham — David ben Josef ben David Abudraham (fl. 1340) (Hebrew: דוד אבודרהם) or Abudarham was a rishon who lived at Seville, Spain, and who was known for his commentary on the Synagogue liturgy. He is said to have been a student of Jacob ben Asher (Baal… …   Wikipedia

  • Takkanah — A takkanah is a major legislative enactment within halakha (Jewish law), the normative system of Judaism s laws.A takkanah is an enactment which (1) revises an ordinance that no longer satisfies the requirements of the times or circumstances, or… …   Wikipedia

  • Geshem — JewishMusicGeshem (גשם) is one of the Hebrew words for rain, applied mostly to the heavy rains which occur in Israel in the fall and winter. This half of the year is called in the Mishnah yemot ha geshamin (days of rains). In the liturgy of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Histoire des Juifs de Gibraltar — Une présence juive est attestée à Gibraltar depuis la moitié du XIVe siècle. Les Juifs ont été expulsés en 1492 comme du reste de la péninsule ibérique, jusqu au XVIIIe siècle quand les Britanniques les autorisent officiellement à revenir à… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Miss Gibraltar — Miss Gilbraltar Titulaire actuelle : Michelle Gillingwater Pedersen Formation : 1959 Première : Viola Abudarham Titres Miss Univers : aucun Années Titres Miss Monde: 1 Année …   Wikipédia en Français

  • BENEDICTIONS — (Heb. sing. בְּרָכָה, berakhah; pl. בְּרָכוֹת, berakhot), formulas of blessing or thanksgiving, in public and private services. The Hebrew noun berakhah is derived from the verb brk ברך ( to fall on one s knees ). The Talmud ascribes the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.